Pubblicazioni

Ricerca tra le pubblicazioni di REF-E

Home  » Pubblicazioni

Download e ricerca delle pubblicazioni

 

Italian Power Market Outlook Jul 2021

Pubblicato il: 26-07-2021
Outlook sul mercato elettrico italiano

LNG and Natural Gas Market Outlook Jun 2021

Pubblicato il: 25-06-2021
Monitoraggio e previsione sull’andamento dei mercati

ETS CO2 Outlook Jun 2021

Pubblicato il: 18-06-2021
Monitoraggio e previsione sull’andamento dei mercati

Macroeconomic and Commodities Outlook May 2021

Pubblicato il: 27-05-2021
Monitoraggio e previsione sull’andamento dei mercati

Energy Outlook Apr 2021

Pubblicato il: 13-04-2021

In questo numero The Italian GDP recovery is on track and the electricity demand almost back to pre-crisis levels gives ground for hope in the real economy resilience. Of the roughly 15 TWh demand recovery in 2021 more than 5 TWh will translate into contestable demand for gas-fired combined cycles, with import not expected to regain pre crisis average levels.
Three Short-term Key Factors to Watch:

  • Coal Switch Price: year 2020 average CSP was over 10% above the gas-fired production costs for the most efficient coal fired plants and 35% for the average efficiency ones. Year 2021 and 2022 price dynamics make the most efficient coal-fired plants competitive again, but not the average ones, with the CSP remaining around 20% above the gas-fired production costs. This assumes Coal and the CO2 upward trend continuing and remaining relatively stronger than gas. However, almost 10 €/ton of the recent CO2 up move were fueled by financial operators net long positioning, which, as any financial position, is subject to be unbuilt. This puts a short-term downward reversal at risk.
  • High hydro contribution to the Italian mix in year 2021: snowpack is higher than average, but in the event of a dry spring or autumn the renewables weight may decrease, risking the pun to average up to 3 €/MWh higher than expected.
  • Gas-fired production higher competitiveness than coal-fired stabilizes the level of net import despite demand recovering and the increase in NTC. Lower-than-expected import flows from the northern frontiers would benefit the thermoelectric Italian fleet though, potentially leading to higher baseload CSS (+10%) and PUN (+1%) both in 2021 and 2022.

Italian Power Market Outlook Mar 2021

Pubblicato il: 24-03-2021
Outlook sul mercato elettrico italiano

Brent Coal & CO2 Outlook Mar 2021

Pubblicato il: 09-03-2021
Outlook sul mercato del Brent, del Carbone e della CO2

Natural Gas Market Outlook Mar 2021

Pubblicato il: 02-03-2021
Outlook Mercato del Gas Naturale

Macroeconomic and Energy Demand Outlook Feb 2021

Pubblicato il: 23-02-2021
Macroeconomic and Energy Demand Outlook

Global LNG Outlook Feb 2021

Pubblicato il: 16-02-2021
Outlook mercati energetici